Goodwin Luxury Floors Win Awards Again!

More prestigious awards with Goodwin wood. The top image is the 2010 Floor of the Year, created with Goodwin luxury antique wood.

Check out some of our award-winning floors.

Floor of the Year 2010
ASID Designers Choice 2002
Floor of the Year 1998
Floor of the Year 1998

Antique wood possesses a lustre and patina that just can’t be compared to freshly milled wood. Goodwin wood is certified to be at least 200 years old, with grading standards that are top in the industry. Longleaf pine standards were last (Antique HeartPine) in 1924 and the minimum standard requirement was at least 6 growth rings per inch. Goodwin heartpine has 8 growth rings per inch with 100% heart content guaranteed. The heartwood is what makes antique heart pine so hard and durable.

Luxury Antique Flooring

This world-class hunter and fisherman’s hunting lodge sports a 14′ medallion with fish inlaid with Precision Engineered Antique Heart Pine. Now that’s a pine floor with personality!

Antiue Wood Floor Inlay

Goodwin reclaimed wood is frequently used in award winning floors. This 2008 winner was created by Goodwin’s COO, Andrew St. James and his former partner. Luxury interior design is easy to achieve using the natural luster and elegance of antique wood. Thanks to Goodwin Company

Free CEUs for Architects

What a great combo, free CEUs and a valuable resource at your fingertips with the informative classes led by Carol Goodwin, from Goodwin Heart Pine Company. Carol Goodwin, CR, MCR, is President of Goodwin Heart Pine and holds Craftsman and Master Craftsman degrees from the National Wood Floor Association. She is also a Certified Hardwood Flooring Inspector.

She has long been active in supporting and promoting both environmental causes and the wood flooring industry. Her professional activities include founding the Reclaimed Wood Floor Association and the Association for the Restoration of Longleaf Pine, and chairing the National Wood Floor Association’s Environmental Committee for four years. She is the past Treasurer and a Board Member of the Florida Green Building Coalition and is currently a Board Member of the USGBC Heart of Florida Chapter.

Ms. Goodwin is an experienced presenter to consumer and professional audiences and has authored and presented continuing education courses on ‘Reclaimed Wood’, ‘Wood Floor Installations and Commercial Uses’, ‘Green Home Building – How Certification Works’, ‘What Makes a Building Product Green?’ and ‘Wood Products… What They Mean to Your Green Building’. She has published numerous articles and booklets on longleaf pine ecosystem reforestation and the building uses of antique heart pine. Publications include “Owners Guide to Heart Pine,” “Restoring an Ecosystem for Profit and Pleasure,” “Longleaf Legacies” and “Old Growth – Defining Your Wood Floor.”

Reclaimed Wood Floor of the Year 2011

River Recovered Antique Heart Pine and Cypress

Goodwin Heart Pine floors win National Wood Floor Association Reclaimed Wood Floor of the Year again!

The millenium giant River Recovered Heart Cypress 53″ diameter log rounds were inset into a field of River Recovered Antique Pine floors and surrounded by Curly Heart Pine trim by Matt Marwick, Precision Floor Crafters, nearby Goodwin Heart Pine.

Matt’s passion for the sinker pine and cypress and his craftsmanship are a perfect match for Goodwin. These antique wooden floors are a tribute to the loggers that cut this tree down over 100 years ago.

Loggers from 1904 Show the Girth of a Giant Cypress

Solid Wood Floors Over Concrete

There are many questions about gluing down solid wood flooring to concrete.  The traditional industry standards for wood floor installation limited the direct glue down of solid wood flooring over concrete to short pieces or parquet patterns.  A well made engineered wood floor looks like a solid floor but avoids some of the installation difficulties.  The backer of the engineered flooring helps reduce the movement with moisture changes.  For many applications this is the best solution.

Flooring insert

Small Flooring Insert Including Antique Heart Pine

With the advent of elastomeric adhesives gluing solid flooring directly to concrete has become more common.  NOFMA produced a technical publication outlining recommended procedures for installing solid wood floors to concrete about five years ago.  Despite the inherently higher risks of gluing solid to concrete it has become an accepted practice for many people in the industry.  This installation method takes more effort to manage the risks.  Moisture issues are the primary concern.  Test to see if the concrete is dry enough.  The ASTM F2170-2 test is a widely accepted procedure which measures the relative humidity inside the concrete.  It is often prudent to apply a sealer to the concrete just in case moisture is introduced into the concrete at a later time. Then if the concrete gets wet in the future a trowel on moisture cured urethane vapor barrier or penetrating sealer such as Bone Dry which was applied prior to installing the floor can keep the water away from the wood. An alternative to a glue installation is to install a plywood subfloor over the concrete then nail down the flooring.

Plywood vs. OSB

Antique heart pine

Antique Heart Pine Wood Floor in Herringbone Pattern

The relative merits of using OSB or plywood for the subfloor under a wood floor has been a hot topic.  The issue is the nail holding ability of the OSB especially if the moisture content of the subfloor has been high.  Many experienced professionals prefer plywood subfloors.  The consensus is that staples hold better than cleats if you are faced with a nail down installation over OSB.  Here are two links where subfloor materials are discussed.

Antique Heart Pine flooring from Reclaimed boards

Inlay of log end

Occasionally we get calls from people who have some salvaged lumber and they want make their own flooring.  Here are a few details to consider.

The fit of the tong and groove is critical if the wood floor is going to perform well.  A loose fit can lead to squeaks while a fit that is too tight will make the floor hard to install.  If you put two short straight boards together and then hold them in the air by one of them the other should not fall off.  A quick shake should cause the boards to disengage.  A difference of a few thousandths of an inch can make a significant difference.

Almost all wood flooring is made with the top face slightly wider than the bottom. As the floor is installed the top touches first leaving a slight gap between the boards on the bottom. The difference in width between the top and bottom avoids cracks showing between the boards in areas of slight sub floor irregularity.

A groove on the top inside corner of the tong allows a space for the nail heads as an addition aid to a tight fitting floor.

Some individuals with good skill levels have been able to produce serviceable flooring from antique wood, but most high quality reclaimed flooring is made by experienced craftspeople.

Natural Color Changes

The rich color of old heart pine is one of the main benefits of an antique wood floor. A discussion of heart pine may help you to get the look you want. Several species of wood change color significantly as they age. Lumber from freshly sawn antique heart pine logs change from light yellows to deep orange-red browns as time passes. The color change is especially noticeable in longleaf heart pine of high resin content. Other species such as American black cherry, Jatoba (sold as Brazilian cherry) and purple heart also show a significant color transformation. Oxidation of components of the wood drives the change in color and it is accelerated by ultraviolet light. Covering part of a board with aluminum foil and leaving it in strong sun light for a day or two can cause enough darkening to be seen. For a new wood floor much of the change in color takes place in the first few weeks. However the richer tones continue to emerge for several months. Area rugs placed on the floor before this time will keep the areas under the rugs from darkening. Heart wood typically changes color significantly more than sap wood. The color of freshly sawn longleaf pine River recovered® logs is lighter while heart pine reclaimed from buildings is usually darker. Reclaimed heart pine can also contain some yellow portions that are associated with high resin concentrations. The color deepens to the same range in wood from either source. The degree of color change in a new floor is strongly affected by finish that is applied. The type of finish should be considered as a part of the decision to determine the final color of the floor.

Knowing what to expect can help you flooring installation go more smoothly, and heart pine will make your heart sing.

Antique Pine Reclaimed Wood for the Masters!

Goodwin teamed up with Akira Wood to replace the interior of the Oconee Golf Clubhouse at Reynolds Plantation just in time for the Masters Tournament. Here are panels and columns in Antique Heart Pine.

Another first! George Goodwin pulled a log from our sawmill log pond and Akira made the antique pine plywood made for the banquettes. More on this to come as it hasn’t been done before. Kudos and thanks to Akira Wood.

Making Pine Flooring is Fun

Pulling Logs for Pine Flooring

Joe Collins' Ax Men Pulls Antique Logs to Make Pine Flooring

Who would have thought 35 years ago that lovingly making beautiful antique heart pine flooring from River Recovered® logs would be so much fun. Years ago when This Old House’ Producer, Russ Morash, visited Goodwin with Norm Abrams, Goodwin’s fame began to grow. Now we are famous for Ax Men Joe Collins who worked with Goodwin Heart Pine for over 20 years. Here he is with his new river recovered logging boat.

Goodwin Heart Pine is employee owned. George will personally put his heart into making antique heart pine flooring for another 15 to 20 years at least. Craftsmen that he is training now will then be training their replacements so that you can continue to have the richest, most beautiful pine flooring in the world.

And… since George has developed with expert help from Andrew St. James, our COO, well-made engineered pine flooring the supply is going to last even longer.


5 Things to Learn About Antique Wood Floors in 5 Minutes

1. Help in choosing a reclaimed wood floor…River Recovered Antique Heart Pine Vertical Grain

To help you think about what you want here are a few choices:
· Do you want a unique wood floor with a story?
· A beautiful, historic and durable floor.
· Light, medium or dark tones?
· Consistent color or color variation?
· Grain with pin stripes, bold arches or subtle graining?
· A single width versus a random width pattern gives a different look?
· Do you like ‘character’ or prefer pristine?
· How about knots or do you want a ‘clear’ grade?
Maybe you just want to see a few of these characteristics in River Recovered Heart PineLegacy Heart PineRiver Recovered Heart Cypress… or Sustainably Harvested Woods.

Antique Heart Pine is the most frequently specified reclaimed wood.’Virgin growth’ heart pine is known as the ‘wood that built America’. It is mostly or all heartwood, is very hard and comes in many grades.

Some of the more commonly available reclaimed woods include: American Chestnut, Heart Cypress, Douglas Fir, Eastern White Pine and Oak.

2. Which finish should you use on reclaimed wood?

The finish you choose can dramatically change the look of your floor. While most reclaimed wood is sanded and finished smooth to the touch, you can also have a distressed floor. Distressing simulates old, old floors or barn siding and is usually done on milling machines, though it can also be done onsite by craftsmen.

How you want to maintain your wood floor determines if you want polyurethane that requires a professional to repair or if you want an oil finish that you can refresh when scratches occur. Polyurethane is a plastic coating that adds shine to the floor. The oil finishes are very natural and are low sheen; however, they can be made to have degrees of shine. They are especially appropriate for heavy traffic and come with easy maintenance products.

3. Would solid or engineered reclaimed wood work best for you?

Engineered wood flooring is a growing market. Goodwin began engineered flooring to help conserve the rare River Recovered® wood. While solid wood floor may remain the ‘gold standard’ for those who can accommodate its greater demands, now you can have ‘USA made’ engineered flooring that looks and lasts like solid and is easier to fit into the construction cycle.

4. Not all reclaimed wood is equal…

To consistently manufacture a well made reclaimed wood floor that is properly kiln-dried, precisely milled, graded to established standards and backed by in-house technical expertise requires a considerable investment. Reclaimed wood can be a confusing niche industry. You may want to know some terminology when specifying antique heart pine. Building design professionals can call for our free continuing education course on Architectural and Design Uses of Reclaimed Wood.

5. Installation tips to help your reclaimed wood perform well for a lifetime and beyond.

Once you have chosen your floor, learn what to ask; about installation, selecting an installer, even tips on existing subfloors on our blogs. Should you need stair parts or millwork it is possible to get any flooring complement in the same grade as your floor.

Engineered floor installation, when glued to concrete, needs to have an elastomeric type adhesive made for engineered wood. We generally suggest a vapor retarder over the slab. Even if the slab is dry now it ensures against leaks or storms.

Just a few of the important tips to help ensure your solid wood floor installation:
1. The sub floor needs to be flat and level to within 3/16” over 10 feet for nail down or flat within 1/8” over 6 feet for glue down installation.
2. The moisture content of the wood floor and the sub-floor need to match the expected indoor temperature and relative humidity once the building has been occupied. Be sure to use a pin type moisture meter on dense reclaimed wood.
3. Enough ‘cleats’ for nail down jobs will help prevent the floor from moving too much. You should nail a 6” inch wide floor every 4”, an 8” inch wide floor every 3”, etc.

Heart Pine

Terms Commonly Used to Grade Antique Heart Pine


Checks Surface checks occur naturally in Heart

Pine. If the product is properly air-dried and slowly

kiln-dried, checks can be sanded out or filled during


Grain pattern There are three distinct grain patterns:

plain sawn, vertical and curly. Plain sawn has an arching

grain. Vertical has pinstripes with no growth rings over

45 degrees perpendicular to the face. Curly is the rarest.

Growth rings The pair of light and dark growth rings

denotes a growing season. The highest grades of heart

pine require an average of eight growth rings per inch.

Other grades may average six growth rings per inch or

less. Dense growth with at least 1/3rd in the dark ring

means stronger wood. Longleaf pine often lived 400 or

500 years or more.

Hardness The scale used to measure wood hardness

is called the Janka (“yahn-kah”) scale. The

Janka measure for Heart Pine is 1225, compared to red

oak at 1290. New Heart Pine is about one-half as hard

and comparable to Southern Yellow Pine at 670. (To measure,

a 4mm steel ball is dropped from 4 meters onto the wood.)

Heart content Heartwood is formed when sapwood becomes

inactive and is infused with additional resin compounds.

It develops slowly in the center of the tree as the tree

matures. The older the tree, the higher the heart content.

According to the Forest Service a 200-year-old longleaf

pine averages only 65% heart content (all the 200-year-old

trees are now protected and cannot be cut). Longleaf heartwood

turns a rich red color when exposed to light and oxygen.

As heart content decreases, color tones can vary widely

from pale red to yellow.

Kiln drying A process by which moisture is removed

from wood with heat and dehumidification. This ensures

the wood can easily acclimate to a building interior and

avoid excessive shrinkage when properly installed.

Knots Clear is the highest grade and has no knots

larger than a rare ½” ‘pin knot’.

Standard knots occur infrequently in the next best grade,

often called select or select and better, and may be up

to 1-1/2”. A ‘pith knot’ can be either

a pin knot or a standard knot that has a small hole through

the knot.

Longleaf pine Longleaf (Pinus palustris) is

the legendary ‘antique heart pine’ wood. The

Longleaf ecosystem was once the largest contiguous forest

on the North American continent. It is the quantity of

resin in the heartwood that gives antique heart pine its

uncommon hardness and durability. It takes 90 to 125 years

to develop any significant amount of heartwood. Most of

the trees were 200 to 500 years old when originally cut.

Nail staining Caused when the metal “bleeds”

around the nail hole. Nail holes are ¼” in

the select grades of Heart Pine, but may be larger in

other grades. They can be filled onsite.

Natural Color Heart Pine is yellow when first cut and

turns red when exposed to oxygen and ultraviolet light.

Beginning almost immediately, the heartwood will ripen

within weeks and will continue to grow richer in color

over the first several months. The heartwood portion of

building salvaged heart pine is usually already red except

for some ‘yellow heart’ areas. These areas

commonly occur next to a more resinous area that may have

prevented the ‘yellow heart’ area from oxidizing.

Once cut the yellow heart will turn red also. If you want

to retain the initial light color, a finish with UV inhibitor

may slow the change.

Pitch pockets Small pockets of crystallized resin occur

seldom in Heart Pine. In the best grades, pitch pockets

will be no larger than 1/8” wide, but can be up

to 3/8” or more in other grades.

Resin Oleoresin, the type of resin from longleaf

pines, made the U.S. the world leader in naval stores

production until the middle of the 20th century. Longleaf

sapwood contains from 1 to 3% resin while the heartwood

contains from 7 to 24% resins. The resin build-up is mostly

in the latewood or the dark ring of the pair that make

up a growth ring. The percentage of latewood is the factor

most closely linked with weight and strength.1 Longleaf

has the heaviest concentration of resin of any of the


Sapwood Sapwood (non-heart) is the lighter

colored wood on the outer perimeter of the log. It does

not deepen in color and is not as hard as the heartwood.

The best grades do not contain any sapwood. Lesser grades

can have up to 50% sapwood and may today still be called

heart pine.

Antique Wood University

Antique Wood University

Recycled wood is not only a stunning addition to any home, it also makes sense for the planet, by reusing and re purposing the wood we’ve already cut down! With these thoughts in mind, Goodwin Heart Pine, a longtime advocate of green building and reclaimed wood standards is excited to offer these free training materials and to support an ongoing conversation around the topics of reclaimed wood and its use in remodeling, renovation and new construction.

Reclaimed Wood Floor Association

Reclaimed wood manufacturers have seen a ten-fold increase in orders and many more individuals and manufacturers are getting into the reclaimed wood business. The problem is that there are no standards to protect consumers. Standards for heart pine, for instance, were last published in 1924.

Led by Goodwin Heart Pine Company, a team of quality focused manufacturers have founded the Reclaimed Wood Floor Association. The association’s work to date has centered on establishing standards for antique heart pine, with other woods standards planned.

Why wood is better for the environment than other building materials?

Wood product manufacturing is cleaner. Steel products give off 24 times more harmful chemicals. Concrete leaches a great deal of carbon dioxide.
Wood requires less energy to manufacturer. Brick takes four times more energy, concrete six times and steel 40 times.
Wood actually conserves energy. It takes 15 inches of concrete to equal the insulation value of just one inch of wood.
Antique reclaimed wood IS recycling. This wood can come from industrial revolution era warehouses and docks, old homes, cider casks or even river bottoms (where logs are perfectly preserved). Rather than destroying the wood that built America, reclaimed wood manufacturers put this wood back to work to enjoy for many more generations to come.

Why wood is the healthy choice

Wood is the perfect choice for anyone with allergies. Carpet fibers trap allergens such as dust and fumes, while mold can grow in tile grout.
Wood requires fewer chemicals to clean than other floor coverings.
Many doctors recommend wood floors for your spine and joints because it gives a little and is easier on your legs and feet.

Why reclaimed wood appears to be more expensive

Antique wood does not come from standing trees. All of the few remaining original-growth trees—trees old enough to produce mostly heartwood—are protected, as they should be. As an example, most commercially available heart pine will probably be gone in about 10 years. There are only so many old warehouses and only so many logs at the bottom of the river. When those are gone- that’s it. Because there are only two sources for original-growth heart pine, there is a tremendous amount of work that goes into the salvaging and recovering of this precious resource. Thus, the process to locate and mill this limited treasure requires more labor and time.

What are grain patterns for antique wood

Three distinct grain patterns are typical for sawn antique wood:

  • Select grain is the most popular grain pattern seen in wood floors. Select grain is achieved by sawing flat through the log and results in a blend of both arching or flame grain pattern and vertical grain in planks up to 10 inches wide.
  • Vertical grain is a pinstriped pattern achieved along the full length of the board by using what is called the quartersawing process. To obtain this formal grain pattern, a more intricate sawing method is used which does incur some waste. Note: When comparison shopping, you may want to review the percentage of vertical grain included in the plainsawn product.
    Vertical grain is a bit more costly than plainsawn wood.
  • Curly grain is an extremely rare, natural burled grain. This unique and luminous grain pattern is found in about one out of every 300-400 logs. It is perfect for a stunning conversation piece, inlays on flooring and cabinetry, or other areas of interest in your project.